Researchers at George Washington University found five key biomarkers that may be able to predict how deathly the coronavirus can be in an infected individual.
This is incredible news! The possibility of predicting how badly a person will be affected by coronavirus can help doctors to better treat their patients.
These five biomarkers were found in the bloodstream. They are medical indicators that can show if a person is at a higher risk of developing complications, such as inflammation or/and bleeding disorders.
Researchers tested the blood of 299 patients infected with C-19. From this group, 200 individuals presented these five biomarkers. The biomarkers accurately predicted if patients were at risk of needing a ventilator, being taken to the intensive care unit, and unfortunately dying.
What are these five biomarkers?
This information is a bit medical, but I will try my best to keep it simple. The five biomarkers are:
- The first biomarker is called Interleukin 6 or “IL-6”, they are cytokines immune cells that indicate when inflammation is out of hand.
- Next is “D-dimers”, these proteins can indicate if there is an attack on the blood vessels.
- C-reactive protein or “CRP” is the third biomarker. This protein is released by the liver as a response to inflammation.
- In fourth place is Lactate Dehydrogenase or “LDH”. It is an enzyme used by the body to mend damaged tissues.
- The last one is Ferritin, a protein that helps cells to store iron. The lack or excess of this protein can indicate if you are suffering from anemia or a possible infection obstructing the proper function of the cells.
Any or all of these biomarkers can indicate if you are at a higher risk of dying from coronavirus?
Certainly, they can. Based on research, when the LDH and D-dimer levels were high it was a higher risk of death in patients. These 5 biomarkers can help doctors to treat high-risk patients sooner. Currently, doctors are only using age and underlying health diseases as a reference point to assess infected patients’ risks. However, if a blood test could indicate if patients may develop a serious or deadly reaction to coronavirus, it will be so helpful for delivering earlier treatment. I am very hopeful about this!