This compound belongs to the phenylpropanoids category of chemicals. The compound is found to be without color or sometimes light yellow. The extracts of this compound come from Clove Oil, Cinnamon, Nutmeg, and Basil. The odor of this compound is found to be slightly spicy similar to that of a clove and is therefore pleasant. The concentration of the compound in different oils varies considerably.
The name of this compound comes from a previous scientific name used for cloves, Eugenia Caryophyllata. While you will find it in a variety of perfumes and essential oils, its medicinal use is in the form of an anesthetic and antiseptic. Other than that, when you use the same compound in combination with zinc oxide, it transforms into a sealing for dental purposes. Surgical pastes, Dental Cement, and Dental Packing is prepared using this mixture.
Eugenol is also found to be beneficial in the world of medicine for its analgesic properties. In dentistry, it plays an essential role in helping alleviate tooth pain. The compound because of its source (clove) also has anti-inflammatory properties which makes it ideal for use in the world of dentistry.
While it is thought to be extremely beneficial, the overdose of this compound can lead to severe problems. Liver damage can start to set in because of Eugenol being hepatotoxic. The symptoms to look out for in case of an overdose include:
Some people are sensitive to Eugenol and may develop allergic reactions.