Macular degeneration is also known as age related macular degeneration or AMD for short. It is a medical condition where people have blurred vision or experience loss of vision. There are sometimes no symptoms before the problem arises. However, gradually you may experience loss of vision.

It doesn’t necessarily result in 100% blindness. However, there have been many incidents where visual hallucinations were common, which were not indication of mental illness. Many factors can cause immense damage to the macula of a retina. These include smoking, poor living conditions, unhealthy eating pattern and even genetics.

It normally occurs in people of older age, but is not very common in youngsters. It can be prevented by exercising, eating well and quitting smoking. It affected more or less 6.2 million people in 2015. It occurs mostly in people over the age of 50, mostly in western countries.

Some symptoms present themselves in the early stages, like distorted vision. It can cause a very gritty image that is perceived by the brain. There are some photo stresses to diagnose and classify the disease. There is often a loss in contrast sensitivity, which makes the image dull even in the brightest environments. Age is a very particular risk factor in the development of macular degeneration.

It is classified into three stages namely, early AMD, intermediate AMD, and late AMD. It was discovered in 2017 that anti-oxidants, minerals, and vitamins can lead to improvements in this condition. There are wet and dry AMD. There are some ways to treat wet AMD; however, there is no medical or surgical treatment for dry AMD. For wet AMD, photodynamic therapy is used for treatment.