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Mustard is actually a cruciferous vegetable. It is a member of the Brassica family just like cabbage and broccoli. Native to the areas of Europe that are temperate, mustard was one of the earliest grown crops to the area. Mustard was even popular amongst the ancient Greeks and Romans.
The seeds are a great source of folates, niacin, thiamin, riboflavin and other B complex vitamins. These vitamins are essential in the sense that the body requires them from external sources to replenish. These B-complex groups of vitamins help in enzyme synthesis, nervous system function and regulating body metabolism
Mustard seeds contain more than 130% of the recommended daily allowance of vitamin E. Vitamin E is known to be a powerful lipid soluble antioxidant, which is required for maintaining the integrity of cell membrane of mucosa and skin by protecting it from harmful oxygen-free radicals.
Mustard seeds contain selenium, zinc copper, iron and other necessary minerals for good health. Calcium is needed for bones and teeth. The manganese is used by the body as a cofactor for an antioxidant enzyme. Copper helps with the production of red blood cells. Adding mustard seeds is a great way to add more minerals for a healthy body.
The magnesium found in mustard seeds has been known to help with sleeping. This minerals is linked to improving the quality, duration, and tranquility of sleep. Mustards is known to regulate metabolism, can help reduce sleep disorders and the occurrence of insomnia.
Mustard seeds have an antibacterial property which have been found to be effective in curing lesions from ringworm. Applying mustard seeds on clean skin can help soothe symptoms with ringworm. The oil found in the seeds contains vitamin A, vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acid as well as other nutrients necessary for stimulating the growth of strong and healthy hair.
Black mustard contains chemicals that might start your menstrual period and cause a miscarriage. It’s been suggested to avoid using black mustard if you are breastfeeding.
The precise answer depends to a large extent on storage conditions – to maximize the shelf life of mustard seed store in a cool, dark cupboard, away from direct heat or sunlight.
Crush a seed between your fingers then taste and smell it. If it has a weak aroma and the flavor is lacking, the mustard seed is old and should be thrown away.
The seeds may lower blood sugar levels if taken as a medicine If you take medications to lower your blood sugar, the seeds may lower it too much. Too much black mustard seed can cause upset stomach, drowsiness and difficulty breathing.
Black mustard seeds by far are the stronger and more potent seed. Yellow mustard has a more mellow taste.