It is a common belief that college is all about parties and drinking. Okay, perhaps it’s about studying and preparing for a career too. However, drinking – including binge drinking – is not only common, but it is considered “cool” among many.

Drinking and binge-drinking are so normalized among college and university students that many don’t even consider its consequences. They should though, as drinking has serious consequences to the health and lives of students.

Students And Heavy Drinking

College students not only drink alcohol relatively frequently but also drink excessively. It is not just drinking a glass of wine with dinner or a cocktail on vacation. It is drinking every weekend, possibly every night and drinking lots of it. 80 percent of college and university students drink alcohol. 50 percent or more drink in excess within a short period of time, leading to intoxication.

College drinking can lead to an array of personal and social problems, as well as health issues.

Some of the consequences of college drinking include:

  • Suicide
  • Increase in depression and other mental health problems
  • Alcohol addiction
  • Physical assaults
  • Sexual assault
  • Accidental injuries and death
  • Homicides
  • Reduced ability to meet academic standards
  • Social problems
  • Financial problems
  • Legal problems

The Link Between Heavy Drinking, Depression, And Suicide

Numerous studies have linked heavy drinking in college to an increase in depression and suicide. This is concerning, to say the least.

Suicide ranks as the second most common cause of death in colleges and universities in the US. 18 percent of undergraduates and 15 percent of graduate students have considered attempting suicide at least once. About 7 out of 100,000 kill themselves. This means 1,100 suicide-related deaths among students. There are even more failed attempts.

About 60 percent of college students have reported intense forms of sadness. Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses not only among college students but all adults in the US. About 30 percent of students have experienced depression so severe that it interfered with their school work and their ability to function normally.

Depression can lead to heavy drinking. Heavy drinking can lead to depression. They can co-exist together, feeding each other. Heavy drinking can easily lead to alcoholism and alcohol-related health, social, personal, and other problems. As problems with alcohol grow, they become a feeding ground for depression that can lead to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.

While studies can’t prove that alcohol can lead to suicide, they point out a serious issue on a larger scale. College students already live a stressful life that can increase the risk of sadness and mental health problems. Add alcohol to the picture, and problems escalate. When drinking alcohol – including heavy drinking – is so normalized, it is difficult to recognize a problem before it’s too late.

What Can Schools Do To Support Students?

College administrators and public health officials make it a priority to identify students who are at a high risk of suicidal thoughts and depression and take heavy drinking into consideration. Education, advocacy, support groups, counseling, and peer counseling are all important tools to help students. Removing the shame and stigma and standing alongside students and providing support is the best tool a school can provide.

What do you think about college drinking and its consequences? What can we do to support our students, reduce heavy drinking, depression, and suicide on campus? Share your ideas in the comments below, we would love to hear your thoughts.

Sources:

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3982800/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18340594
  3. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17523281.2013.781535#preview
  4. http://www.mces.org/pages/suicide_fact_alcohol.php