Eggplant, or aubergine, is a species of nightshade grown for its fruit. It is related to the tomato and the potato. It was first made into food by humans from wild nightshade species, thorn species, or bitter apple species. Although many people consider eggplants to be vegetables, they are fruits, as they contain edible seeds and are classed as berries. Culinary artists love using eggplant because it tastes different based on how it is prepared and because of its vibrant color. It’s a foodie favorite found in dishes worldwide, from eggplant parmesan to Thai curry to ratatouille. It also works well as a meat substitute, satisfying vegan and vegetarian eaters. This purple delight is not just good for your taste buds, but it can also be good for your health!

Medical Benefits of Eggplant

Good for the Heart

Eggplants contain fiber, potassium, vitamin C and B6. These are all known to help lower the risk of mortality from heart disease. Studies have shown that eating these leads to lower rates of heart disease, even in smaller quantities. A recent study showed that people who eat vegetables such as eggplant containing these nutrients have a 34% lower risk of contracting heart disease than those who do not. Eggplant also contains vitamin K, which is necessary for blood clotting and helps prevent calcification of the arteries, preventing dangerous plaque deposits that may cause blockages.

Lower Blood Pressure

Eggplants contain a red-blue flavonoid plant pigment called anthocyanin, which has been found to help with dropping blood pressure significantly. Lower blood pressure lowers the risk of stroke, heart attacks, and blood clots. Eggplant also contains vitamin E, which is good for treating and preventing chest pain, blocked or hardened arteries, and high blood pressure.

Prevent Some Cancers

Research has shown that eggplants contain polyphenols known for their anti-cancer properties. Eggplants have anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid, which are antioxidants. They fight inflammation and oxidative stress-related damage found in the body. Studies have found that they can prevent tumor growth and help stop the invasion and spreading of cancer cells. Eggplant contains vitamin A, which may be beneficial in treating cancers such as lung, breast, bladder, oral, and skin cancer.

Help With Anemia

Eggplants have been studied for their ability to help those who have iron deficiencies. Eggplant has many essential minerals, including iron and copper. These minerals assist in improving the health of red blood cells within the bloodstream. Studies have shown that consuming eggplant if you are anemic can help boost energy and strength and eradicate feelings of exhaustion and worry.


Eggplants contain a lot of fiber and are low in soluble carbohydrates. One recent study found that a more eggplant-based diet can help manage or prevent type 2 diabetes. More research is needed to back up these figures. Eggplants contain high amounts of alpha-glucosidase and angiotensin compounds that can control glucose absorption. Plus, eggplants have phenols that help insulin break down carbohydrates slowly, which aids in maintaining blood sugar levels. 

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